Presbyopia

Presbyopia

Woman wearing glasses and reading a book

It’s an unavoidable fact: as we age, our eyes change. One of the most prominent visual changes we all face is presbyopia, a refractive error that makes it difficult to see objects and images up close. In this blog, we’ll discuss how presbyopia affects your eyesight and how you can correct your vision. 

What is Presbyopia

Presbyopia occurs when the clear lens of the eye loses its elasticity. As it becomes less flexible, the light passing through the lens cannot be focused onto the correct part of your retina. This causes near objects-particularly small print-to appear blurry. Presbyopia is a natural part of the aging process that affects everyone. It develops gradually, usually beginning in your 40s. If you are in the beginning stages of presbyopia, you may find that you can alleviate blurry vision by holding reading materials farther away, making print larger, or using brighter lights for close-up work. As presbyopia intensifies, you will need some form of vision correction to see clearly. 

How is it corrected

Reading Glasses

If you did not need glasses before you developed presbyopia, you will likely need glasses only for reading. Reading glasses are available over the counter and come in a variety of powers. Your eye doctor will recommend the correct strength based on your needs, however, you can determine which power works best for you simply by trying on different strength reading glasses. You may find that you need different strengths of reading glasses for near work (reading) and intermediate or arms-length work (computer). 

Multifocal Lenses

If you did wear glasses before you developed presbyopia, you will likely need to wear multifocal lenses. These lenses have different power strengths in the top and bottom of the lens to allow for clear vision whether you are looking at an object in the distance or up close. There are a variety of options for multifocal lenses, including Bifocals, Trifocals, and Progressive Lenses. To learn more about your lens options, read our Eyewear Guide

Contacts

Multifocal Contacts

If you prefer to wear contacts instead of glasses, you can ask your optometrist to fit you with multifocal contact lenses. These work on the same principle as multifocal glasses, allowing you to see objects at distance, intermediate, and near. 

Monovision Contact Lenses

Another contact lens option to correct presbyopia is monovision contacts lenses. This involves using a contact lens to correct distance vision in one eye and a contact lens to correct near vision in the other eye. This type of correction can involve an adjustment period and may not be tolerated by everyone.

Facing age related changes can be challenging, but Mountain View Eye Center is here to make it easier. If you are ready to upgrade your vision, call or text (907) 328-2920 to schedule an eye exam or meet with an optician. To learn more about your eyes, read all of the blogs on our website at www.mountainvieweyes.com.

Written by:

Gina Stafford COA, LDO, ABOC

 

Posted in: Presbyopia

 
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